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Reports and documents by the Special Rapporteur

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29 May 2020
End of mandate report
Michel Forst
 - General documentation
This report is intended to present a reflection on the activities carried out by Michel Forst during his two mandates (2014-2017 and 2017-2020) as United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders. As he did not have the opportunity to include this report among the official reports of the mandate, he have conceived it as a reflection of his personal thoughts on the various projects he has sought to implement, on the difficulties, both structural and short-term, that he has encountered over the past six years, but also as a means of opening up perspectives to provide food for thought for his successor. He has not sought to revisit all the activities conducted, he has attempted to shed light on a number of issues which seem to him to be decisive for the future of the mandate and, beyond that, for the protection of defenders.
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27 May 2020
Report- Observations on communication-2019
Michel Forst
 - General documentation
The present document is submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Michel Forst, to the Human Rights Council, pursuant to resolution 25/18 of the Human Rights Council. The report provides observations on the communications on specific cases addressed by the Special Rapporteur to States and other actors, as well as observations on the replies received from States and other actors.The cases and situations raised by the Special Rapporteur in this report include urgent appeals, allegation letters and other letters, issued between 1 December 2018 and 30 November 2019. The press releases included in this report are the ones issued between 1 December 2018 and 31 January 2020.
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27 May 2020
Report on Mongolia
Michel Forst
 - General documentation
The Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Michel Forst, visited Mongolia from 30 April to 13 May 2019. The main objective of the visit was to assess the situation of human rights defenders in the context of the State’s obligations and commitments under international human rights law, including the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
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27 May 2020
Report on communication
Michel Forst
 - General documentation
The present document is submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Michel Forst, to the Human Rights Council, pursuant to resolution 25/18 of the Human Rights Council. The report provides observations on the communications on specific cases addressed by the Special Rapporteur to States, as well as observations on the replies received from States. 
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03 March 2020
Report on the situation of HRDs in conflict and postconflict situations
Michel Forst
 - Defenders in conflict zones
In the present report, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders analyses the situation of human rights defenders operating in conflict and post-conflict areas. He addresses their critical contribution in these settings, spells out the applicable legal framework and the attached obligations, and considers current trends with respect to their protection and key rights for them to operate effectively. He reviews the initiatives of States and other stakeholders, and the United Nations response to date. In the report, he highlights the extreme risks to which defenders are exposed, the wide-ranging attempts to silence their work and the persistence of protection gaps and impunity, in spite of positive developments. The Special Rapporteur calls for compliance with the existing legal norms and standards, and suggests ways forward to protect and support defenders striving to operate in these contexts.
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03 March 2020
Report on the official visit to Colombia
Michel Forst
 - General documentation
The Secretariat has the honour to transmit to the Human Rights Council the report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Michel Forst, on his visit to Colombia, from 20 November to 3 December 2018.The Special Rapporteur notes the political will and initiatives of the Government to create a safe environment conducive to the defence of human rights in Colombia. However, he concludes that the vast majority of human rights defenders are at risk, and that this risk has increased in the three years since the signature of the Peace Agreement.The defenders most at risk are social leaders defending human rights in rural areas, in particular those promoting the implementation of the Peace Agreement and defending land and environmental rights and the rights of ethnic communities against the interests of criminal groups, illegal armed groups and State and non-State actors, such as national and international corporations and other powerful interest groups.Colombia remains the country with the highest number of murdered human rights defenders in Latin America, and threats against this group have soared. Despite progress in this area, there is still a high level of impunity. Although the President of the Government and other authorities have made public statements recognizing the important role of human rights defenders, there is a general lack of positive social recognition and they are undermined and criminalized by other State and non-State actors.
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25 September 2019
Report on impunity
Michel Forst
 - General documentation
The UN Special Rapporteur, Michel Forst dedicates this report to the issue of impunity regarding the attacks perpetrated against human rights defenders. In this report, he analyses the common trends, challenges as well as the good practices developed by States and other actors. He also presents a series of recommendations to tackle this issue and help better protect those who defend human rights.
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04 March 2019
Report on the official visit to Honduras
Michel Forst
 - General documentation
The Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Mr. Michel Forst, visited Honduras from 29 April to 12 May 2018. The main objective of his visit was to assess the situation of human rights defenders in the country and to determine how it may have changed since his predecessor, Ms. Margaret Sekaggya, visited the country in 2012. That assessment was conducted in the light of the obligations and commitments assumed by the State under international human rights law, including the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders.
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11 February 2019
Report on the situation of women human rights defenders
Michel Forst
 - Women human rights defenders
The United Nations Special Rapporteur, Michel Forst dedicated his 2019 annual report on the situation of women human rights defenders. He will be presenting this report to the Human Rights council on 28 February 2019. This report would have not been possible without the contributions of a very long list of brave women who relentlessly raise their voices for human rights. With this report the Special Rapporteur wants to recognize all these women and the important role they play in advancing and protecting human rights around the world.
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17 December 2018
World report on the situation of human rights defenders
Michel Forst
 - General documentation
On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Declaration on human rights defenders, Michel Forst has published a world report presenting the recent developments in 140 countries. The report is based on a number of sources provided by States, National human rights institutions, UN reports and information provided by civil society actors.
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